History

This page is a summary of the Regiment’s history.  For a more detailed narrative of the Regiment’s origins click here

Cap badge of RSAR

Royal South Australia Regiment

The Royal South Australia Regiment is a reserve regiment of the Australian Army consisting of a single battalion, the 10th/27th Battalion, part of the 9th Brigade. It was raised on 1 July 1960, as The South Australia Regiment.

Abbreviation:       RSAR
Active:                      1960 – Present
Country:                 Australia
Branch:                   Army
Type:                        Line Infantry
Role:                         Light Role
Size:                          One battalion
Part of:                    9th Brigade
Garrison/HQ:      10th/27th Battalion – Keswick South Australia
Motto:                      Pro Patria (For Country)
March:                     Song of Australia/Scotland the Brave
Colonel-in-Chief  HM The Queen (Royal Australian Infantry Corps)

Colours of 10-27 Bn (Resized)

Colours of 10 Bn and 27 Bn RSAR

Unit colour patch

10/27 RSAR colour patch

27 Bn Seaforth Mackenzie tartan

27 Bn Seaforth Mackenzie tartan

History of The Regiment

The Regiment traces much of its history to early volunteer and citizen militia units from pre-federation Australia. The history of some of the units that formed the current Regiment are dealt with on separate pages of the Wikipedia website click here.

1960 – Present

On 1 July 1960 the South Australia Regiment was formed by the amalgamation of three infantry battalions in South Australia:

The 10th Infantry Battalion (The Adelaide Rifles)
43rd/48th Infantry Battalion (The Hindmarsh Regiment)
27th Infantry Battalion (The South Australia Scottish Regiment).

These three battalions were formed into 5 Companies:

A Company (The South East Company) (from the SA Scottish Regt)
B Company (The River Company) (from the SA Scottish Regt)
C Company (The Mid North Company) (from the Hindmarsh Regt)
D Company (The Adelaide Company) (from the Adelaide Rifles)
E Company (The Port Adelaide Company) (from the Adelaide Rifles)

Later in 1960, The Regiment was renamed 1st Battalion Royal South Australia Regiment, bringing it in line with the other State and National regiments.

On 1 July 1965, the Regiment was reformed as 2 battalions, taking their names from the battalions that formed the regiment: The 10th and 27th. On the 29 November 1987, the 10th and 27th battalions were amalgamated to form the 10/27 Battalion Royal South Australia Regiment, the Regiment’s current title.

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Other information

Freedoms:

Unley 2006
Kadina 23rd Apr 1994
Mount Gambier 1985

Preceding Units

The organisation of military units in Australia has been a complex and shifting affair since colonisation.

The following is an attempt to list the preceding units of the RSAR in chronological order.

Units were raised, disbanded and perpetuated in a variety of forms that is not easy to show in a simple list. Often units, depending on their status as volunteer, militia, or regular, were similarly numbered and named, for example the 43rd Infantry Battalion and 2/43 Battalion, AIF in WWII, and often units were split, amalgamated, re-split and reformed, making it almost impossible to create a straight family tree as is often seen for the British Army.

A broad statement is that the Royal South Australia Regiment is preceded by units often known as the 10th (or 78th or Adelaide Rifles), 27th (or SA Scottish or Boothby), 43rd (or 76th or SA Infantry or Hindmarsh), and 48th (or Torrens), and units bearing these designations are now perpetuated in RSAR. The individual preceding units are:

1st and 2nd Battalions Adelaide Rifles: 1854–1856
Adelaide Regiment of Volunteer Rifles: 1860–1866, 1866–1867
Prince Alfred’s Rifle Volunteers: 1867–1867
Regiment of Adelaide Rifles: 1877–1888?
1st Regiment South Australian Infantry: 1888? – 1903
10th Australian Infantry Regiment (Adelaide Rifles): 1903–1912
South Australian Infantry Regiment: 1903–
South Australian Scottish Infantry: 1903–
76th Battalion Senior Cadets: ?–1918
78th Battalion Senior Cadets: ?–1918
1st Battalion, 10th Australian Infantry Regiment: 1903–1912
78th Infantry (Adelaide Rifles): 1912
76th Infantry: 1912–1913
76th (Hindmarsh) Infantry: 1913–1918
43rd Battalion, AIF: 1914–1918
43rd Infantry Battalion (The Hindmarsh Regiment): 1918–1921
10th Infantry Regiment (The Adelaide Rifles): 1918–1921
10th Battalion: 1921–1927
43rd Battalion: 1921–1927
10th Battalion (The Adelaide Rifles): 1927–1930, 1936–1942
43rd Battalion (The Hindmarsh Regiment): 1927–1930
10th/50th Battalion: 1930–1936
43rd/48th Battalion: 1930–1942?
2/43rd Battalion, AIF: 1939–1945?
10th/48th Battalion: 1942–1943
43rd Australian Infantry Battalion: 1942?–1944
10th/48th Australian Infantry Battalion: 1943–1945
10th Infantry Battalion (The Adelaide Rifles): 1948–1960
43rd/48th Infantry Battalion (The Hindmarsh Regiment): 1952–1960
43rd (Remote Area) Battalion, The Royal South Australia Regiment: 1966–1987?
27th Infantry Battalion (The South Australia Scottish Regiment)
74th Infantry
1st Battalion South Australia Infantry
74th (Boothby) Infantry
27th Infantry (Boothby Regiment)
27th Battalion AIF
2/27th Battalion AIF
27th Battalion (Boothby Regiment)
27th Battalion (South Australian Regiment)
27th Battalion (South Australian Scottish Regiment)
48th Infantry Battalion (The Torrens Regiment)
10th/48th Infantry Battalion

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Contemporary Times

Current structure (as 2012):

Headquarters Company
A Company
B Company

Unit Deployments (current as at 2012):

Operation Anode Rotation 14
Operation Anode Rotation 17
Operation Anode Rotation 24
Operation Anode Rotation 27 (Upcoming)
Operation Resolute
Operation Vic Fires Assist
Operation Cyclone Yassi Assist
Operation Testament.

Individual and Group Deployments (current as 2012):

Operation Slipper
Operation Catalyst
Operation Mazurka
Operation Astute
Operation Spire.

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Alliances

United Kingdom – The Highlanders
United Kingdom – The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment (King’s, Lancashire and Border)
New Zealand – The Otago and Southland Regiment

Battle honours

South Africa 1899–1902

World War I
Middle East: · Egypt 1915–1916, Anzac, Gallipoli 1915
Western Front: · Pozieres, Messines 1917, Menin Road, Amiens, Somme 1916, Somme 1918, France and Flanders 1916–1918, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde, Poelcapelle, Bullecourt, Ypres 1917, Passchendaele, Mont St Quentin, Beaurevoir, Hindenburg Line, Albert 1918

World War II
North Africa and Middle East: North Africa 1941, Syria 1941, The Litani, Sidon, Adlun, Damour, Defence of Tobruk, The Salient 1941, El Alamein,
Pacific: South-West Pacific 1942–1945, Buna–Gona, Cape Endaidere, Simemi Creek, Sanananda, Cape Killerton, Milne Bay, Liberation of Australian New Guinea, Shaggy Ridge, Efogi–Menari, Finschhafen, Kokoda Trail, Ramu Valley, Sattelberg, Borneo, Balikpapan.

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References

Digger History: An unofficial history of the Australian & New Zealand Armed Forces

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